Otoritas hadis sirah sebagai referensi yuridis-dogmatis dalam Islam

Dzikri Nirwana

Abstract


Muslims researchers make separation between legal traditions (ah}a>dith al-ah}ka>m) documented in the
literature traditions; and historical traditions (ah}ad> ith al-sira) are summarized in the literature of classical
Islamic historiography. But it turns out in a number of Sirah literature, there are some traditions of
Ahk} am found. In contras, in the h}adith literatures, there are also found historical tradition. From here,
it can be stated that the tradition has three dimensions at once; historical dimension, categorized as
hadith Sirah; juridical dimension, identified as hadith Ahk} am; and historical and juridical dimension as
well. For this latter form, the hadith can be flexible and conditional, in the sense that when it is contained
in the literature historiography, categorized as h}adith Sirah, and vice versa, as contained in the Hadith
literature in the form of juridical -dogmatic,- it is categorized as a hadith al-Ah}ka>m. Therefore, the
hadith sira patterned in two functions; justification prophetic treatise (dala’> il Nabawiyya); and juridical -
dogmatic arguments (dala>’il diniyyah). These two functions are the implications of the concept of
imitation of the Prophet as an integral whole, because its realization as a model of humanity , philosophically
could not limited by space and time. Life events and behaviors Nabawiyya being operated
from childhood until the prophetic, always maintained from disobedience (‘ismah) , in addition to also
endowed a number of advantages , as a sign that he is a ‘candidate’ prophets and apostles (irha>s)

Keywords


Hadith sirah; Hadith ahkam; Juridical-dogmatical; History

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18326/ijtihad.v15i2.219-235

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