Bom bunuh diri dalam fatwa kontemporer Yusuf al-Qaradawi dan relevansinya dengan maqasid al-Shari’ah

Busyro Busyro

Abstract


All contemporary fatwas Yusuf al-Qaradawi in his book Min Hadyi al-Islam Fatawa Mu’ashirah was believed by the writer it made succeed maqasid al-shari’ah. When we see the fatwa in the book, some of fatwa indicate contradiction with maqasid al-shari’ah  which is agreed by most of islamic scholars, such as his fatwa about suicide bombing according to this problem, the axamination will ask after; how is law of thinking al-Qaradawi with suicide bombing? And how to aplicate the theory of maqasid al-shari’ah in  al-Qaradawi’s fatwa in suicide bombing? To answer the question, this examination tried to trial to the fatwa al-Qaradawi about it in the book by seeing the connected with theory of maqasid al-shari’ah  which is agreed by most of islamic scholars. For that the theory about maqasid al-shari’ah will be tested comprehensively, particulary to save al-daruriyat al-khams (five of human fundamental needs). The data has been collected and will be analysed qualitatively. The result of this examination made succeed the answer that al-Qaradawi pleases the action of suicide bombing specially for the fighters of Palestine to make fear and terrorist to Israel; and his fatwa opposite with maqasid al-shari’ah which believed the legitimate by most of islamic scholars.

Keywords


Yusuf al-Qaradawi; Fatwa, Suicide bombing; Al-daruriyyat al-khams; maqasid al-shari’ah

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18326/ijtihad.v16i1.85-103

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