Konfigurasi politik hukum ekonomi syariah di Indonesia

Fauzan Ali Rasyid

Abstract


The development of Islam in Indonesia has been integrated within social, legal, politics, and economic
values, which is framed in any social changes. This study will be focused on the relationship between
national political configuration and the regulation of sharia economic compilation. Based on this
assumption, I would like to propose the question, is it existence resulted by the Muslim aspiration and
Islamic political party supports or more influenced by global economic changes? This study is part of
political law as well as sharia economic of political law. The institutionalization of sharia economic law
is a necessity because of several reasons: First, the highly awareness of muslim to implement sharia
values in a life that are popular and socialized; Second, the growth of sharia financial institutions, both
sharia banking and non-banking institutions, and Third, the existence of sharia regional provisions
(Perda Syariah).There is highly significant correlation at national and international political changes
towards sharia economic law institutionalized as well as the existence of Islamic political parties or
political parties based on Muslims. Finnaly, the institutionalization of sharia economic law can not be
separated from the existence of Indonesia Muamalat Bank (BMI) in 1991 that regulated under the Law
of Banking Number 7 of 1992 and the Goverment Regulation Number 72 of 1992. These regulations
are introducing the principle of profit and loss-sharing in sharia bank. In refomulation period, the
Goverment has amanded that Law Number 21 of 2008. Because of these regulations, sharia bank is
more improve and implements many principles such as Sharia Insurance, Rahn, Mutual Funds, Capital
Markets, Financial Corporates based on sharia principles, etc.

Keywords


Political configuration; Politics of law; Sharia economic law;Islamic banking

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18326/ijtihad.v16i2.297-315

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