Fairness in the distribution of land ownership in Indonesia based on Islamic law perspective

Koko Komaruddin

Abstract


The imbalance of land ownership and tenure, which results in several land cases, becomes the main problem in agrarian sector in Indonesia that needs quick handling. Although the government has issued some policies related to the agrarian sector, such cases have not been completely solved. The main cause of the imbalance of land ownership is not merely about substance or policy related toland, but also the fundamental concept, philosophy, and orientation of the policy. Regarding this matter, this article explains Islamic point of view about fairness in distribution of land ownership as an alternative solution. According to a research that has been conducted, every policy about land issued by the government should be based on the principles of public interest or social justice as well as security of life and property, which become part of the concept of maqâshid al-syarî’ah. Thus, the government must play an active role in the mechanism for the distribution and revocation of property rights over the land. Additionally, to make the distribution of land is fair and equitable, the government is required to provide supports, such as intensification and extensification so that all people are able to receive land ownership rights, to manage, and to use it.

Keywords


Land ownership; Fairness; Islamic law

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.18326/ijtihad.v20i2.%25p

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