احتياجات مجتمع مصر ما بعد ثورة 25 يناير 2011 في قصة هم وهؤلاء لأحمد فرج (دراسة النقد الأدبي)

Imam Wicaksono, Karlina Maizida

Abstract


This study aimed at revealing the needs of Egyptian people after the 2011 revolution and how they could meet their needs amidst increasingly difficult economic conditions. This was literary study by analyzing Arabic literary works. It used Abraham Harold Maslow's humanistic psychology theory which holds that human needs are described in a hierarchy. To meet the needs at the top level, the needs at the previous level must first be satisfied. In the context of Egyptian society, they have freedom of expression as the highest hierarchical need of self-actualization. This becomes very interesting when told in the material object of research: people have freedom of expression but they still feel hungry and insecure, the most basic need for humans. The results showed that after the fall of Husni Mubarak, Egypt underwent a change in the political field that the Egyptian people get freedom of expression as citizens. Unfortunately, the progress of democracy was not followed by the progress of other fields such as social and economic fields. After leadership change in 2011, life was increasingly difficult with rising prices for basic necessities and Egyptian society was increasingly difficult to find work. This made them far from a decent life such as owning a house, vehicle or marriage.


Keywords


مصر، ثورة 25 يناير، احتياجات المجتمع، ماسلو

Full Text:

PDF

References


Alwisol. 2009. Psikologi Kepribadian (Edisi Revisi). Malang: UMM Press.

Brown, Kenneth dan Chris Cullen. 2006. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs used to Measure Motivation for Religious Behavior. Mental, Helath and Culture 9, no. 1.

Feist, Jess dan Gregory J. Feist. 2006. Theories of Personality 6th ed. New York: Mc Graw-Hill.

Feist, Jess dan Gregory J. Feist. 2010. Teori Kepribadian. Jakarta: Salemba Humanika.

Goble, Frank. 2009. Madzhab Ketiga Psikologi Humanistik Abraham Maslow. Yogyakarta: Kanisius.

Hanun, Abdul Majid. 1996. Al-Insaniyah wa Atsaruha fi Rowadi an-Naqd al-‘Araby al-Hadits. Cairo: Al-Haiah al-‘Ammah lilkitab.

Hasyim, Muhammad. 2002. Dialog antara Tasawuf dan Psikologi. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Hijazi, Samir. 2004. Madkhal ila Manahij an-Naqd al-Adabi al-Mu’asir. Damaskus: Daru at-Taufiq.

Ismail, Izzudin. 1965. Al-Adad wa Fununuhu. Cairo: Dar al-Fikr al-‘Araby.

Koeswara, E. 1991. Teori-Teori Kepribadian. Bandung: Eresco.

Maslow, Abraham. 1954. Motivation and Personality. New York: Harper and Row Publishers.

Maslow, Abraham. 1968. Toward Psychology of Being, 2 ed. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold.

Minderop, Albertine. 2013. Psikologi Sastra: Karya Sastra, Metode, Teori dan Contoh Kasus. Jakarta: Obor.

Musa, Salamah. 2012. Dirasat Siklujiyah. Cairo: Hindawi.

Ratna, Nyoman Kutha. 2011. Teori, Metode, dan Teknik Penelitian Sastra: dari Strukturalisme hingga Post Strukturalisme Perspektif Wacana Naratif. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Tholib, Umar. 1988. Manahij Dirasah al-Adabiyah al-Haditsah. Cairo: Daru al-Yasar linnasyr wa Tauzi’.

Thowil, Taufiq. 1964. Asasu al-Falsafah. Cairo: Daru an-Nahdhah al-‘Arabiyah.

Wiyatmi. 2011. Psikologi Sastra, Teori dan Aplikasinya. Yogyakarta: Kanwa Publisher.

Zaidi, Taufiq. 1984. Atsaru al-Lisaniyyat fi Naqd al-‘Araby al-Chadits min Khilali ba’dhi an-Namudzaj. Cairo: Dar al-‘Arabiyah lil Kitab.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.18326/lisania.v3i2.198-216

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 LISANIA: Journal of Arabic Education and Literature

View My Stats

 

Flag Counter

Indexed by

 

                   

              

                   

 

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.